They're eager and enterprising salesmen who artfully tie up to the surging riverboats to display, model, and haggle — selling their souvenirs the hard way. Rick: I was going to say, moussaka, stuffed grape leaves, and tzatziki — a Greek would say, "that's my food" — but it's Egyptian also? But the oldest pyramid is actually nearby at Saqqara, the tomb of the king or pharaoh named Zoser. He was wearing a dazzling mask — 24 pounds of gold, inlaid with lapis lazuli and filled with symbolism proclaiming the greatness of this boy pharaoh. Terms of Service | Privacy. This season features the Austrian, Italian, Swiss, and French Alps, two episodes on Egypt, and one on Ethiopia. It's long been ground zero for the people's spirit. Hunger and Hope: Lessons from Ethiopia and Guatemala. The Great Court is the largest single area of the complex. Rick Steves' Europe. And small bakeries are steadily producing hot balloons of pita bread — destined to be filled with falafel. Our finale: the magnificent ruins of Abu Simbel. Tarek: This is fried calamari from the Mediterranean, too, and fried prawns. Rick: What is rokak? Mmm! The friendly welcome is a reminder of how important tourism is for Egypt's economy. OK, you can buy it. Alexandria is a thriving port town with a busy harbor. When the gods are happy, the people have food — and you don't change things. Experts guess that with 10,000 laborers hard at work, it took 20 years to build the pyramid of Cheops. I hope you've enjoyed our look at Alexandria, Luxor, and some of the wonders of the Nile. We're on the Nile, exploring the historic and cultural wonders of Egypt. Shukran! Back outside, complementing the scene, is the mysterious [Great] Sphinx. But since then, Egypt has suffered from a political, economic, and tourism point of view — so I’m not sure that now is the right time to promote the Nile and the pyramids. Rick: And Heba, what do you wish for your daughters, to be successful and to be happy? This urban commotion literally sits upon lots of history. 1 posts. On this pedestal sat a statue of the top god, Amon-Ra. What ever he can not do himself, he will find the right people for you and make sure things happen as planned. For coronavirus (COVID-19) travel information, Religious fundamentalism is a challenge here as it is in America. These guys are way too fast for me. Here is a collection of blog posts and videos he took while on this trip. The trip upriver takes you by natural beauty and seemingly ancient scenes interrupted only by modern cruise boats. I love to hop in one for a quick joyride. Scenes like this are why many come to Egypt — and why many don't. A remarkable thing about ancient Egyptian art — and society as a whole — was its stability. It was built with Soviet technology and money back in the Cold War. Tour Account › Travel Forum › Home / Travel Forum / Beyond Europe / Egypt; Please sign in to post. video description. Heba: Bailhana' walshifa'. Allan, we are also interested in Egypt. This huge chamber was filled with treasures. Luxor's charming riverfront promenade welcomes strollers enjoying the cool of the early evening. Rick: This is exquisite. Rick: A lot of people in the United States, they'd say this would be a "hookah" or a "hubbly-bubbly." Saving Cairo and its magnificent pyramids for another episode, we'll visit cities and sights all along the Nile. Hi, I'm Rick Steves, sailing beyond Europe this time. Tarek: Thank you! To visit that temple, tourists catch a short flight from Aswan. Peace. If you see something you like, show some interest and see how low you can get the price. And the pharaoh was considered a god. Thanks for joining us. Sealed away dry, dark, and forgotten for over 3,000 years, they're beautifully preserved. As you venture farther into the complex, things get older and crescendo in religious importance. The most famous tomb in the valley is of King Tutankhamun — a.k.a. It's Cairo. Ever since the forces of Islam swept across North Africa from Arabia in the seventh century, spreading the teaching of their prophet Mohammed, Cairo has been a leading city of the Muslim world. While prices on the street may be cheap, if you want rich-world comfort, you'll pay rich-world prices. Rick: And… These monuments were built to mark and to protect the bodies of fabulously wealthy and powerful pharaohs. Amon-Ra was the god of Luxor, the god of empire — Egypt's god of gods. It's called shisha. Finally, reaching the burial room, you're hit by the thought that this was the most sacred and precious chamber in the ancient world — silent for 4,000 years, until the arrival of tourism. We're in Egypt. Even in the afterlife they were trying to bribe the gods and deities in order to help them in the afterlife path. Exploring the Nile Valley from north to south, we see the highlights of Egypt. Rick: OK. And then…? see our FAQ. Today, its legacy survives in the city's modern library. Tarek: Shisha. Today, a 500-year-old fortress marks the spot. These tombs — buried deep in the folds of this valley — proved to be more secure than the intentionally high-profile pyramids. Today it's a stop for every tour group and the merchants are standing by…. Reliefs show pharaohs wooing the gods with rituals and offerings. Walking through neighborhoods like this, you gain an appreciation for how just making ends meet is a daily struggle for millions in a teeming city like Cairo. While many modern Muslims would prefer a separation of mosque and state, others believe Egypt should be ruled in accordance with a strict interpretation of the Quran. Then, when the Ottoman Turks took Egypt, it became a bustling Turkish bazaar. It was built over many centuries throughout this "New Kingdom" period, when most of the great and famous kings ruled. I think you're on the right road. Bread is subsidized by the government to make life easier for people struggling to feed their families. We explore the back streets on a tuk-tuk, drop in on a mosque, haggle with a gauntlet of eager merchants, bake some pita bread, help chisel a tombstone, marvel at King Tut's gold, greet the ancient Sphinx, and climb into the center of the greatest pyramid. Somehow, bikers balance rustic racks of bread. A game changer for Egypt, it tamed the Nile providing electricity and controlling the flow of the once-erratic river. In some ways, life along the Nile seems to have changed little since the days of the pharaohs. It's so peaceful, until the tranquility is broken by…pirates?! Thanks to a heroic effort, in 1968, this ancient temple was cut into huge blocks and relocated to this spot — high and dry for at least another 3,000 years. Nice. Four towering statues of the powerful pharaoh stand sentinel at the entry. Akhenaten was the one exception in a 2,000-year line of conformist pharaohs. And gated social clubs in a place like Egypt provide a refuge where the wealthy can live in a parallel world, protected from the gritty reality of the streets. I'm Rick Steves. Abu Simbel was saved from being submerged in the lake and lost forever after an international outcry. OK, we've worked up an appetite. Slathered in hieroglyphs — prayers and symbolism — it was all designed to boost the pharaoh into the next life. Rick: Tzatziki! Everything at Karnak leads to a small chamber that marks the very heart of the temple complex: the Holy of Holies. In Luxor, we'll revel in the glory of the pharaohs — their temples and their hidden tombs. It was Egypt's capital for almost a thousand years, until the Muslims came in the seventh century. The sheer size of the complex, with its forest of massive columns leading to huge squares, is a testimony to Ramses' power to get things done. Join Rick and his team of travel-savvy teachers every Monday night on Zoom as we explore Europe (and beyond) together. Contact. For ancient Egyptians, the Nile — which flows from south to north — divided their world into two logical halves. And, you gotta admit, Tut doesn't look a day over 3,500. 0:55:02. With about 20 million people in greater Cairo, it's bursting at the seams and pulsing with energy. Sure, the Middle East is in turmoil. Workers dragged over 2 million huge stones up ramps, eventually constructing this 450-foot-high monument. Whether you buy anything or not, you can enjoy their entertaining show afternoons on both the port and starboard sides. The souvenir I take home? I'm Rick Steves. While most sightseers cross the river on a fleet of touristy shuttles, we're riding on the public ferry with the locals. RICK STEVES EGYPT: YESTERDAY & TODAY sails beyond Europe, exploring the historic and cultural wonders of Egypt. Rick: Rokak. Everywhere you look, something you've never seen before is happening. A few years ago, I enjoyed a wonderful trip to Egypt. The dam created a huge reservoir, called "Lake Nasser." These were the glory days of the pharaohs. The tomb of Ramses IV was typical. Rick: Zainab's fingers? In Alexandria, we wander back lanes and stroll a Mediterranean promenade. In Luxor, we revel in the pharaohs' temples and hidden tombs. Rick: …in Arabic? Egypt. Smaller text Larger text. While his reign was of no importance historically and only lasted a few years, Tutankhamun is the one pharaoh whose name we all know. FB Twitter Reddit. Ramses' wife and some of his children — considered less important and therefore smaller in scale — are at his feet. Rick: Heba, this is so beautiful. The Temple of Abu Simbel, while originally built by Ramses II in about 1250 BC, was relocated here only about 50 years ago. Rick: So how do you say — in France, you would say, "bon appétit" — But tonight it's definitely Egyptian. Bargaining is expected in Egyptian markets; treat it as a game. Temple of Queen Hatshepsut. Things stay the same. And those treasures are now back in Cairo. Rick: I just go…? The pharaoh's mummy was put in this stone sarcophagus. Rick: Bailhana'… Alexandria was named by Alexander the Great, who founded it in 331 BC. Cairo's downtown is modern and can feel European. Plowing with oxen, sowing seeds by hand, and harvesting their crops, they farm as they have through the millennia. Wonderful people. What is this one? Home / Blog; Posted on December 19, 2019 October 6, 2020 by Rick Steves. We start in Alexandria, fly to Luxor, cruise up the Nile to Aswan, and finish in Abu Simbel. Driving through half an hour of this, we finally reach the desert — and the sight that draws most tourists to Egypt: the Pyramids at Giza, one of the most recognizable scenes in all of tourism. Towering before us are the tombs of three great kings, or "pharaohs." Climbing this passage, you marvel at the design and the audacity of the project. Heba: This is tzatziki. I make a point to explore a variety of neighborhoods. Video: Watch "Egypt's Nile, Alexandria, and Luxor," an episode of the Rick Steves' Europe TV show. Not as big as Cairo, it faces the Mediterranean, has milder weather, and feels a bit more European. Craftsmen inscribe marble tombstones with verses from the Holy Quran: "The peaceful soul, after a blessed life, will finally rest in heaven." Count me in if Egypt is available. Tourists can still clearly see ancient Egypt's elaborate spiritual world. Watch the full episode: At nearly 10, 000 feet, the Zugspitze is Germany s highest mountain. Portolan. Luxor is a standard stop on the tourist's itinerary. While its chaos can be exasperating, it can also be a rewarding challenge for the adventurous traveler. Merchant: Buy one, two free today. It's all art for the dead, locked up until rediscovered in modern times. It's famed for its tombs and temples, which were mostly built between 1500 and 1000 BC. I scouted this shoot a few years ago but things got too tense politically to recommend travel there, so I put the shoot on hold. Stepping into Al Hussein mosque, like [with] any neighborhood mosque, you'll find a worshipful tranquility. And, to better enjoy this convivial scene, I'm joined by my Egyptian friend Tarek in a classic shisha joint. He seems to know just about everyone, so you feel like you are getting the best possible experience in the country with him as your guide. The core of the collection, art from the age of the pharaohs, dates from about 3000 to 1000 BC. Rick: So today we claim this is Egyptian. It's a commotion of activity. As praying can be physical, with lots of bending over, it's considered more respectful to allow woman their own space. The cobra is wearing the crowns of upper and lower Egypt as well as the ankh, symbol of life. Posted on April 10, 2013 April 12, 2016 by Rick Steves The Khan el-Khalili Hustle A part of any visit to a poor country like Egypt is aggressive hustling when exploring a tourist market. Then we kick back on a riverboat cruise, enjoying iconic views of palm trees, minarets, and rustic villages. The wonders of Egypt await your visit. While the ancient lighthouse guided friendly ships in to Alexandria, centuries later this fort was designed to keep enemies — like the Ottoman Turks — out. These are reminders of a pent-up tension in Egyptian society. King Tut. An ancient garrison town famed for its granite quarries, today it's embraced tourism, taking full advantage of its attractive riverfront. The annual flooding — once essential to nourish the soil with silt — has been controlled by an enormous dam. And your big challenge: to be sure your body and your valuables survived the journey into the afterlife. The faithful believe that when Mary, Joseph, and baby Jesus escaped Herod by fleeing to Egypt, this very spot is where they took refuge. Heba: …very delicious, and this is Egyptian beef with onion sauce, and this is of course, rice, and this is, then, rokak… Merchant: Here, your size. Egypt has over 5000 years of history and this is the man who can explain it all for you. Marwa: Anything to make him happy. Nelly: That's tahini; that's baba ghanoush. Later, in AD 43, it's believed the Evangelist Mark came to Egypt and established the Coptic Church. Thanks for joining us. The valley is blanketed with yet-to-be-excavated ruins. The heart of Cairo is Tahrir Square. Egypt's temples were not places of public worship, but sites of sacred mysteries, where priests and pharaohs huddled privately with the gods. In addition, we've produced a special retrospective episode called "Why We Travel." A short walk is filled with cultural serendipity. In addition to its political energy, the city's long been a religious capital. And finally, in the sacred sanctuary, Ramses assumes his place in the company of the gods. Heba: Bon appétit, yeah. With Rick Steves, Andreas Clemens, Georg Reichlmayr, Holger Zimmer. After the museum, Cairo's characteristic old quarter is a colorful celebration of today's Egypt. Until next time, keep on travelin'. Heba: It's easier. I hope the future will be more relaxed, but for now, I splurge for the peace of mind. Rick: Anything to make the god happy. Egyptian boatmen have been sailing this river for thousands of years. Rick: This is a beautiful scene. Tarek: Nice, huh? A short venture beyond the famous sights takes us into a timeless Egypt untouched by tourism. Across the Nile from Luxor are hills rich with some of Egypt's most important ancient sights. RICK STEVES EGYPT: YESTERDAY & TODAY sails beyond Europe, exploring the historic and cultural wonders of Egypt. I think you're on the right road. Tarek: This is sawabe' Zainab — "Zainab's fingers." Evening's a great time to visit. The city has a chaotic energy exceeding anything I've experienced in Europe. During the time of Akhenaten, people were portrayed looser, more intimately. I sleep at in an international-class hotel. American travel authority Rick Steves guides viewers through his favorite European cities. Sprawling endlessly on both the port and starboard sides bustling Turkish bazaar important and therefore smaller in scale are. The traveler when it comes rick steves egypt youtube sights and tourist-friendly stops incredible country and we 're joined by friend... Sliding stones, lead to the afterlife walls are inscribed with characters of the of! Was his soul, which were mostly built between 1500 and 1000.! 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